IJOART Volume 7, Issue 7, July 2018 Edition


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The Assessment of Social Perception Regarding Nursing Profession[]


Nurses play a key role for the efficient health care services of any country. After contributing such important role in the society nurses face the critical issues of the perception among the society. This negative perception among the society regarding nursing profession effect the life of the nurses and health care sector as well. Thus, current study investigates the social perception regarding nursing profession among the workers of public hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. The self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 150 staff of Services hospital, Lahore and Fatima Memorial hospital, Lahore. The results reveal that health care staff keep the positive perception regarding nursing profession. But they don’t feel proud when it comes to the selection of this profession for their own family. Moreover, doctors utilize the opportunity to take the benefit from nurses for patient care and do not respond in the same manner. In addition, people do not take nurses and doctors equal. The current study also suggests the direction for the future researchers.


A Wireless RFID-Based Document Management System []


It is virtually impossible to do away completely with papers, files, folders and cabinets. A lot of essential services (e.g. legal and healthcare services) demand that written or printed copies of certain documents be carefully and orderly kept. But these files are regularly retrieved and updated. It becomes highly inefficient and time consuming to retrieve these files from where they are kept when their numbers become very large. This paper proposes the use of a low-cost Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) mechanism to manage documents filed and stored in shelves and cabinets. The proposed system makes use of a passive RFID tag and an interrogator. Radio signals in the low-frequency range (125 KHz) delivered inventory rounds (commands) that aid the speedy and timely retrieval of any file from a very large pool of others. The designed and implemented system worked perfectly well with a satisfactory modulation depth of 100% and a read range of two (2) meters.


EMPLOYEE WELLBEING - EFFECTIVENESS ON MOTIVATION AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE []


Wellbeing is increasingly a focus of many governments across the globe. It is viewed as a legitimate target of government policy in its own right, but there are also reasons to think that improvements in employees' wellbeing may be conducive to economic growth. With this context business organizations need to focus on their employee’s wellbeing closely. Many researchers have identified significant positive relationship between employee wellbeing and many human resources functions. Furthermore wellbeing has beneficial effects on the firm’s performance, growth and profitability, in both absolute and relative terms. Therefor employee wellbeing is critical factor to examine for any organizational prospective and legislation compliance as well.This paper focuses on the wellbeing of employees and its potential impact on workplace performance. As yet there is relatively little empirical evidence on the relationship between employees' subjective wellbeing and workplace performance. The purpose of the paper is to show that, though essential, the achievement of business performance outcomes has obscured the importance of employee wellbeing at work, With this in mind, this paper seeks to examine the effects of employee wellbeing on human resources management practices and organizational performance. The paper follows deductive approach to examine the associated theories and empirical evidences of employee wellbeing. Literature review use as the research tool for this study.


REVIEW OF SRI LANKAN DIGITAL PAYMENTS INDUSTRY THROUGH TAM MODEL IN PREDICTING FUTURE DEMAND[]


The purpose of developing this concept paper is to find out the extent of applicability of TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) for interpreting future demand for digital banking industry in Sri Lanka. TAM is the essence of to which extent users accept new technologies that they are not familiar with and the process they follow to ultimately reach this final stage of either positive acceptance or negative rejection. Furthermore, understanding the key drivers of the industry and providing a guideline for industry stakeholders in investment decisions are considered as key outcomes of this concept paper. The study has been derived based on variables that explain the core that underline the TAM concept that ultimately lead to behavior of customers which is important to be understood by industry specialist in order to carry out effective sales and marketing campaigns in the banking industry. Therefore, this study is significant for the professionals of the banking industry. The variable through which this study is derived through are PU (Perceived Usefulness), PEOU (Perceived Ease of Use), PC (Perceived Compatibility and PT (Perceived Trust) that lead to formation of attitude that in turn lead to behavioral changes in users of new technology that finally determines the acceptance or rejection as per the TAM model. Although many research studies have been conducted to examine this in different international context, minimum studies have been done in the Sri Lankan context, which leads to the research gap. Therefore, this concept paper derives both from theoretical and empirical reviews to build the argument.


LEADING THE CHANGE: CONCEPTUAL AND PRACTICAL PERSPECTIVES []


Practical perspective of the concept revolves around a porcelain tableware company in Sri Lanka a public quoted company, having a 34 year history in making quality tableware products to the export market. Company was set up with the influence of the government, with the assistance of Japanese and had a rich, and deep routed culture embedded into the village. Despite the quality of product and global acceptance company was mal functioning: export share dropped, cost of manufacturing shot up, export prices dwindled, dynamism and initiatives of people eroded. Company went through various ownership and management changes, which is common in todays’ business and was in financial crisis few times. Employees claimed lack of business focus and wrong investment decisions by top management as reasons for the downfall. In that context, a dedicated change leader, a new CEO was brought in, for the course correction, and his theoretical and practical approach is hereby unfolded.Transformational leadership who envision and embrace change will always have positive impact whilst change procedure, without an effective leadership is nonexistent. The necessity, and the urgency required in a process, believe in team work are ingredients in a transformation. In doing so, theory and concepts of leadership, change management, learning and development undergone, challenges, risks and failures in executions and are noteworthy to highlight. Some of the policy changes carried out regarding the reduction in workforce after recruitments were frozen, empowering the next layer of people creating new opportunities, job enrichment and rotation with the provision of necessary technology, tools and equipment to the people maneuvering available limited resources, are few amongst many initiatives.Memories captured before and after, unfreeze stage to the freeze stage, are the new look the company embraced by setting up systems and procedures; organization structure followed by the setting up of job responsibilities, key performance indicators (KPIs), transparent performance management system are important ingredients in the change process.


Product Innovation: Impact of Organizational Culture in Product Innovation[]


Innovation is the fuel for continuous improvement; it is the exploitation of the opportunity to create market differentiation & competitive advantage. Innovationʼs centrality and importance in international operations have been a subject of enduring de- bate in the age of globalisation. There are two significant changes on the business environment happening in these days which will change the business environment rapidly, and those two are One Belt, One Road (OBOR) and the Fourth Industrial Revolu- tion (4IR) in the world. Sri Lanka as a small island nation will have an impact on this business environment change. Our neig h- bouring countries such as India Thailand has started working on this revaluation to upgrade their countries to suit the require- ment for the exponentially growing business world. Organisations need to continuously respond to changing market pressures to ensure customer satisfaction is achieved to create growth for the business. In its broadest sense, Innovation includes any business change that results in the new value created. Searching for opportunities to create new value from which we can build sustainable growth is an on-going business challenge, one that is made harder by competitors who are striving for their market share.


Product diversification strategies: A review of Managerial skills for firm performance[]


This paper reports about how product diversification strategies drive for firm performance through managerial skills. Extant literature has presents that increases in product market diversification generate both positive and negative impact on firm per-formance. The paper aims to embed that diversification in many industries are highly imputable to the power to cross-sell their products, get cost savings, enter the new markets, produce hybrid products and increase brand image. Also with the global financial market liberalization, firms in many countries are increasingly using the product diversification strategies. This is to expand the market share of the firm and also to improve the financial performance.When investigating managerial skills it is more important to identify seven major factors of management tasks. This includes managing individual performance, instructing to their subordinates, planning and allocating the resources, coordinating of mutually beneficial groups, managing of their group performance, continually monitor the business environment and represent in one’s staff. Also this is important to examine the findings has given clear-cut differences in the importance of the role of the level of the manager. Many studies have examined managerial skills in many ways. This is about predicting the effectiveness of managers from the managers’ skills dimensions such as skills of technical, administrative, human and citizenship behavior. In some studies administration skills have a more effectiveness in managers’ effectiveness. There are few empirical studies that describe managerial skills evaluations of firms. This is an organizational level as a moderator of the skill of managerial effectiveness relationship. Future researches need to continue to dig into new variables to identify skills and features that help managers to do more successful. Therefore this paper explains how managerial skills related to the product diversification strategies to drive to firm performances.


A REALITY OR MYTH: OUTSOURCING FOR COST OPTIMIZATION[]


Outsourcing is not a new concept, and was researched, practiced and analyzed in different contexts. Outsourcing was first introduced in developed countries in order to use high skilled, low cost labor in developing countries, primarily in areas like manufacturing and IT. As such, the main idea was to optimize cost structures in different industries in the developed countries. This trend changed when outsourcing was starting to pick up momentum in developing countries, and the point of optimizing cost in countries where operational cost is already rock bottom was challenged. The objective of this paper is to analyze the relationship between outsourcing as a concept and cost optimization as an objective for outsourcing. Potential research areas like how outsourcing is applicable for technology related service sectors like telecommunication is also being proposed.


Factors Influence on Project Success: A Review on Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives[]


Ultimate objective on any project is success. However the term success is controversial and subjective in the project context. As far as success is concerned project management has taken a centre stage as the strategy to achieve it. Therefore the success is entangled with the project management strategy each project adopt to achieve its goals. Quality, time and budget triangular relation still provides the basis for success factors even though the contemporary technical and social paradigm changes have added many new dimensions to predict success. In another dimension success can be measured from achievement such as efficiency and motivation. Coordination, monitoring and evaluation lie in another functional dimension directly impacting the management of the project. Looking at the total project from a holistic point of view scope is the key determinant to assess the success which is a cross cutting dimension. In this light it is evident that success of a project could not be merely determined in a simple linear model but requires a complex multi-faceted model that captures varied dimensions along with key success indicators.This paper explores the success factors in project management identified in different dimensions found in research. The meth-odology was a systematic content analysis of existing literature. The objective of the study is not to establish concrete founda-tions but an attempt to classify the different success factors in different dimensions to build a conceptual framework. This inte-grated model termed “Diamond model of project success criterion” could provide a significant tool to study project manage-ment methodology components that could impact success factors.


Supply Chain Collaboration (SCC): A Theoretical Outlook and Case Study Synopsis[]


Supply chain collaboration is critical to achieving the integration of partners for performance impact. A firm attempts to seek economic and social benefits through supply chain collaboration. Successful collaboration is predicted not only to strengthen a firm’s performance but also to reduce transaction costs. Establishment of an appropriate governance is of a great help in stabilizing a relationship and strengthening performance. Therefore, this study aims to identify underlying theories that explains collaboration and transaction cost advantage, to explore effects of supply chain collaboration on firm performance and transaction cost advantage, and to examine few cases in the industry on supply chain collaboration which are more specific to supplier buyer relationships. This study integrates and explores as a theoretical outlook, Transaction Cost Economics, Resource Based View, Relational View and Social Capital Theory to examine their ability to explain on supply chain collaboration and in turn, realized firm performance. Findings indicate a positive relationship between collaboration and performance. This implies that buyers and suppliers should create a positive-sum situation which buyers and suppliers can jointly benefit from. Supply chain members should be aware that, if they pursue their own interests, a whole benefit can be shrunk and the relationship no longer lasts. Long-term relationships can not only produce mutual benefits but also eventually facilitate value of co-creation. Firms are thus required to design appropriate collaborative activities to safeguard exchanges.


A Conceptual Review of Existing Models on Prediction of Corporate Financial Distress []


Corporate Financial Distress has been a hot topic in research for more than eighty years. From the univariate model of Beaver (1966), and the Multivariate Discriminant Analysis model of Altman (1968) to models based on Logit, Probit, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Bayesian models, Fuzzy models, Genetic Algorithms (GA), Decision trees, Support vector machines, K-nearest neighbour, Hazard and Hybrid, model building has evolved during this period with the focus of enhancing prediction accuracy. Many models have been built using quantitative parameters. These models mainly used financial data of the company whilst there has been some models which has used macro variables and market variables in model building. There has been limited studies on models built using qualitative parameters of the company. The paper discusses the existing literature in the areas of predicting Corporate Financial Distress and concludes by providing future research directions on identified gaps.


The Concept of Work-Life Balance: It’s Applicability for the Female Employees in Sri Lankan Context[]


The contemporary world is organized in a way that employment is essential for survival. Intriguingly, work has become another sphere deviating away from family and living. The term Work Life Balance (WLB) has become an important phenomenon within this scenario. Balancing between working at an office, providing services for an organization and engaging in personal life including handling family matters is broadly termed “work-life balance”. Achieving this balance poses many benefits to the individual, organizations as well as to the society. Similarly much research has emphasized the downfalls of not achieving a proper work-life balance.The concept of WLB is widely researched in organizational psychology as well as in business studies, covering many concepts within it. Flexiwork and telework are two of the most significant approaches that have been discussed in achieving WLB in the modern corporate world. Looking at gender based studies, a majority of them seem to be focusing on challenges faced by women in achieving WLB. However, these studies are very context specific and therefore it is difficult to generalize them to a standard population. Specifically within the Sri Lankan context, very few studies are found to be directly discussing WLB and its gender specific issues.This study explores the basic concepts of WLB and a general situation of female work force in Sri Lankan context. The research adopts a literature review as the main methodology where existing research work is looked into to find current research debates on work life balance and whether it has been researched in the Sri Lankan context.


DOES HORIZONTALLY INTEGRATED FIRMS ENJOY COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN THE VALUE-CHAIN? EVIDENCE FROM THE NIGERIAN FINANCIAL SECTOR[]


The financial sector of Nigeria has become more heightened and this has lead many financial institutions rival firms pursing complementary alliances and strategic mergers. This study investigated the competitive advantage of utilizing horizontal integration strategies in the Nigeria financial industry. By adopting cross-sectional survey, data was collected through a self-administered structured questionnaire. The target population of the study comprised of 2553 management staff of 12 selected financial institutions in South-West, Nigeria. Sample size of 753 was derived. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that competitive absorption have a positive effect (enhanced) on the market coverage of financial institutions in Nigeria. Strategic alliances impacted positively on the economies of scale of Nigeria’s financial institutions.. The results informed the study conclusion which shows that merger, acquisition and strategic alliance among financial companies were the major integration strategies utilized by financial firms in Nigeria. It was recommended that the management of financial organizations and companies in Nigeria need to strive harder to manage their companies effectively and not to dive into competitive merger and acquisition as the only survival strategy option available to them. It was also advised that financial firms must consider full ownership as the most viable method of integrating their services in a way that allows them to get instant access to industry- or operations-specific knowledge and keep abreast with the pace of technological change.


Influence of Personality Traits on Ethical Decision Making of Officers in Government Service Managerial Positions – A Concept Paper[]


Different Personality Traits have an immense impact on how leaders perform and grow, to make decisions for positive organi-zational outcomes. According to a statement from Lussier and Achua, they stated that effective leaders are not simply born or made. They are born with some leadership ability and develop it (Lussier and Achua, 2013). So always the inborn characteristics and Personality traits has an impact on decision makings. The purpose of this concept paper is to investigate the impact of leadership styles on ethical decision making special reference to executive officers in the government service Sri Lanka. In corporate context the dynamics of these two entities „the leader‟ and „the led‟ play a key role in shaping the destiny of the organization.


Review on Emotional Intelligence Related Personality Traits and its Impact for Professional Contexts []


Employee emotional awareness is an important factor when it comes to intelligence, paving the way to achieve company objectives, and also to support the development of peoples’ character and competencies. According to Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (EI) consists of a range of fundamental skills such as: the ability to recognize and understand feelings and emotions (self awareness); the ability to understand ones responses to situations and other people’s actions (self awareness); the ability to choose how ones think, how ones feel, and the actions ones take (self-regulation or self-management); the ability to recognize and understand the feelings and emotions of others (social awareness); the ability to express ones emotions and to communicate effectively (relationship management). This concept paper aims to forward empirical reviews of the concept of emotional intelligence in the organizational settings. This gives a support of a tool which evaluate the smartness of the work force towards organization sustainability and employee contribution. This will indirectly link to the organization performance, operational excellence and business betterments. Emotional Intelligence highly contributes (Act as an unforeseen contributor for positive growth of business) for industrial peace, avoid conflicts, perfect communication among the staff members. (Inter and Intra personnel) This paper opens another direction for the researchers for future research in Emotional Intelligence. The concept paper provides an understanding to the process of evaluating Emotional Intelligence (EI) impact for business results, smooth operation and sustainability with world success stories.


ROLE OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN CAUSING DESPAIR IN UNMARRIED GIRLS[]


The present was conducted with objective to determine the causes of despair in unmarried girls. A sample size 159 respondents out of 264 was selected through random sampling procedure from three Mohallahs of Union Council Jahngrha, district Abbotabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The conceptual framework of the study comprised of domestics violence against women as independent variable and causes of despair in unmarried girls as dependent variable.


Employee Participation on Decision Making: A Review On Conceptual and Practice Perspectives[]


This study examined, theoretically, concepts and models the meaning, extent and implications of employee participation in decision making on an organizational and how it will help organization or management to make better decision. By participating bottom level employees on decision making company can deliver better service or give more user friendly solution to their customers.


A Study of Women in Leadership: Gender Bias and Barriers[]


It has not been long since women in leadership have been studied academically, mainly because the study of leadership has traditionally been concentrated on “great men” who defined power, authority, and knowledge (Klenke 1996).


REVIEW OF IMPACT OF FINANCIAL LITERACY AND SELF-CONFIDENCE ON CUSTOMER DECISION OF ACCEPTING FINANCIAL ADVISORY SERVICES[]


Financial advisory services are frequently used by households in developed countries for the purpose personal wealth management than developing countries. On the other hand, level of Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) is comparatively high in developing countries due to macroeconomic, bank level and customer level factors. When it comes to customer specific factors, wrong judgments on credit facilities play a vital role on loan defaulting of households. Therefore, this paper analyzed the role of financial advisory services in different context in various countries. Also, this study revealed that financial literacy and self-confidence of customers influenced on demand for financial advisory services. People with higher financial literacy were more liked to get assistance of financial advice according to some studies. At the same time, some studies showed that less literate people also use financial advisory services as a substitute for financial literacy. Most studies showed that less self-confidence on financial matters (less self-assed financial literacy) was a reason for more demand on financial advice. However, this paper revealed that impact of financial literacy and self-confidence on financial advice was different in various contexts.



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