IJOART Volume 8, Issue 2, February 2019 Edition

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The paper examines residents’ perception of monthly environmental sanitation exercise in Tarauni Local Government, usually conducted on the last Saturday of every month in Kano State. Stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting the study wards from the Local Government Area and convenient sampling technique was employed to select 160 respondents (heads of households). Structured questionnaire was used for data collection and descriptive statistical techniques were used for the data analysis. The result shows that the respondents age ranges from 18 to 60 and above years; 67(42%) are aged 18 to 29 years, 47(29%) aged between 30 and 39 years, and 14(5%) are aged 60 years and above. The findings also show that 115 (72%) of the respondents are males while 45 (28%) are females. The data analysis shows that majority 88 (55%) had tertiary level of education, while only 12 (8%) had non-formal education. Furthermore 31(20%) of the respondents are living in compound houses, 29(18%) in bungalows, 74(46%) in single-family houses, and 26 (16%) in flats. n Data analysis shows that majority 88(55%) of the respondents strongly agree that the sanitation makes the environment clean. In addition, 87(54%) strongly agree that the monthly sanitation exercise reduces the prevalence of mosquitoes in the area and 96(60%) strongly agree that the monthly sanitation reduces illness in their homes. Equally, 73(45%) strongly agree that the monthly sanitation helps in promoting collective community work and 85(53%) strongly agree that it improves easy flow of drainages. The results further show that 106(66%) of the respondents perceived the monthly environmental sanitation as satisfactory and 33(34%) perceived the sanitation as worrisome/Unsatisfactory. The paper therefore recommends that policy makers should ensure adequate inspection and enlightenment programme on the monthly environmental sanitation exercise to improve the perception of urban residents of exercise in the study area.

Mechanical Properties of Palm Kernel Shell Ash Reinforced Composite[]

The mechanical properties of the Palm kernel Shell (PKS), a by-product of the palm fruit were investigated at different particu-late filler loading using unsaturated polyester resin (UPE) as the matrix. The particulate PKS were ground and sieved through a 300µm mesh sized sieve and loaded wit h hand lay up technique at 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% using the 0% filler loading as the control. The effect of the varying particulate loading on the mechanical properties such as flexural modulus and strength, tensile modulus and strength, stress/strain behaviour and water absorption rate were further investigated. The result showed an increase in the tensile and flexural properties as the filler loading increased but better properties were observed at the 8% filler loading. The water absorption test was carried out for seven days and results showed a significant increase in the water absorption ratio with increase in particulate loading. The 2%, 4% and 6% particulate loading showed a similar trend with the control while the 8% and 10% exhibited a high initial absorption in the first two days followed by a drastic drop in water affinity within the last five days.

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