IJOART Volume 7, Issue 12, December 2018 Edition

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Pursuing Leadership Roles in Chambers of Commerce: A Racioethnic Perspective[]

Ethnic minority small business owners strive for success and prosperity; however, defining success is difficult. In this qualitative interpretive phenomenological study, the use of symbolic interaction theory as a conceptual framework, along with an interpretive perspective approach, yielded results usable by business leaders and practitioners regarding limiting the effects of barriers. The results from the findings of this study indicated ethnic minorities experienced barriers. Obstacles concerning the participants manifested as feelings of exclusion and isolation, as well as the need for improvements and better access for ethnic minority groups.


The study assessed the quality and condition of student's hostel in Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil. Stratified random sampling was used to select study sites (hostels) and systematic random sampling was used to identify the respondents (on campus students). The target population of students in the university were 9672 and a sample of 372 students (both males and females) was selected. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the data analyses. The findings revealed that more than two thirds of the respondents were young between the ages of 15 - 25 years, who are experiencing new housing pathway from parental homes to on campus. It also revealed that more than two thirds of the respondents were living in overcrowded rooms as high as more than 6 persons due to presence of squatters. This has the implication of increasing pressure on the available facilities, which affects their living conditions. Data analysis shows that most of the facilities in the student's hostel are in good condition, which includes electricity supply, water supply, efficient waste disposal system, standby generator, security, fence, bathroom and toilets, fire fighting equipment and bed spaces. However, other facilities such as kitchenette, recreational area, drainage, laundry, privacy and writing desks were found to be in poor condition, while Information Communication Technology (ICT) facilities were found to be fair. Data analysis using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed that there were statistically significant differences in the mean scores of condition of facilities among hostel blocks in the university (F = 4.256, (14, 235), p = 0.001). It is recommends thus; the University management should address the issue of squatters in the student's hostel in order to reduce the increasing pressure on the facilities. Equally, additional hostels should be provided either directly by the University or through the Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) arrangement in order to alleviate the shortage of bed spaces within the University Campus.

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